In this article, we will learn about the benefits and application of oop. Here oop stands for object oriented programming Before moving forward to learn c++ we must know why c++ uses the oop concept.
So, let’s start with the benefits of oop, or you can say advantages of oop.
Advantage of OOP
- Data Redundancy
- Code Maintenance
- Design Benefits
- Better Productivity
We can use single code many time in our entire application.This is done with the use of a class.
2. Data Redundancy
Data redundancy is a condition created within a database or data storage technology in which the same piece of data is held in two separate places.
This can mean two different fields within a single database or two different spots in multiple software environments or platforms. Whenever data is repeated, it basically constitutes data redundancy.
3. Code Maintenance
This feature is more of a necessity for any programming language, it helps users from doing re-work in many ways. It is always easy and time-saving to maintain and modify the existing codes with incorporating new changes into it.
With the use of data hiding and abstraction mechanism, we are filtering out limited data to exposure which means we are maintaining security and providing necessary data to view.
5. Design Benifits
If you are practicing on OOPs the design benefit a user will get is in terms of designing and fixing things easily and eliminating the risks (if any). Here the Object-Oriented Programs force the designers to have a long and extensive design phase, which results in better designs and fewer flaws.
6. Better Productivity
with the above-mentioned facts of using the application definitely enhances its user’s overall productivity. This leads to more work done, finish a better program, having more inbuilt features, and easier to read, write and maintain.
Encapsulation is one of the fundamentals of OOP (object-oriented programming). It refers to the bundling of data with the methods that operate on that data. Encapsulation is used to hide the values or state of a structured data object inside a class, preventing unauthorized parties’ direct access to them.
Polymorphism is the ability of an object to take on many forms. The most common use of polymorphism in OOP occurs when a parent class reference is used to refer to a child class object.
Application of OOP
Now we will know applications of the OOP
- User interface design such as windows, menu.
- Real-Time Systems
- Simulation and Modeling
- Object-oriented databases
- AI and Expert System
- Neural Networks and parallel programming
- Decision support and office automation systems etc.